David Joy: inventor, engineer and designer of a special steam engine
Explore – some of the main London railway stations which were built during the Victorian period and notice how their design was influenced by the steam trains
Discuss – the impact that the arrival of the railway (and the Underground) had on the growth of Hampstead
Discover – how the growth of towns and cities has been influenced by transport systems
• History – Victorian Britain and the coming of the railways to London
• Science – The invention of the steam engine and the beginnings of mass production
• Geography – How patterns of activity and settlement were influenced by transport systems
• Make a detailed drawing of a steam engine or steam ship, or create a collage of different types of steam driven vehicles
• Write a poem about trains; see John Betjeman’s collection of poems on steam trains
• How did David Joy’s inventions to increase locomotive efficiency benefit the railway companies and railway users?
• The railways encouraged the growth of suburbs so that villages outside London (like Hampstead) became part of London. Look at historic maps of Hampstead and work out where the growth took place first and why. (See separate background note on historic maps.)
The Great Exhibition in 1851 would not have been possible without the railways. They brought 6.2 million visitors to London to see it – 1/3 of the population of the whole country. (The Great Western alone brought ¾ million people into London.) The railways also built hotels at major destinations for their passengers.
John Betjeman on Trains, edited by Jonathan Glancey (Methuen 2006)
Trains and Buttered Toast – Selected Radio Talks, edited by Stephen Games (John Murray 2006)
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
Steam Index – a website devoted to (mainly) steam locomotive history. See http://www.steamindex.com/people/joy.htm
See films about the Flying Scotsman, one of the last (and most famous) steam express locomotives at:
This page was last updated on April 20th, 2012.